Goat Milk is More Beneficial to Health then Cow Milk.
In many parts of the world, goat milk is preferred to cow milk. And even in the United States, the goat is gaining popularity. Goats eat less and occupy less grazing space than cows, and in some families the backyard goat supplies milk for family needs. Goat milk is believed to be more easily digestible, less likely to contain hormones and additives and less allergenic than cow milk. Allergy to cow milk has been found in many people with conditions such as recurrent ear infections, asthma, eczema, and even rheumatoid arthritis. Replacing cow milk with goat milk may help to reduce some of the symptoms of these conditions. A cup of goat milk provides 32.6% of the daily value for calcium along with 27.0% of the daily value for phosphorus, whereas, a cup of cow milk provides 29.7% of the daily value for calcium and 23.2% of the daily value for phosphorus.
Goat milk contains around ten grams of fat per eight ounces compared to 8 to 9 grams in whole cow milk, and it is much easier to find low fat and non-fat varieties of cow milk than it is to purchase low-fat goat milk. Unlike cow milk, goat milk does not contain agglutinin. As a result, the fat globules in goat milk do not cluster together, making them easier to digest. Like cow milk, goat milk is low in essential fatty acids, because goats also have EFA-destroying bacteria in their ruminant stomachs. Yet, goat milk is reported to contain more of the essential fatty acids, known as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and arachnodonic acids, in addition to a higher proportion of short-chain and medium-chain fatty acids which have been suggested as protective components in colon cancer besides easier for intestinal enzymes to digest.
Goat milk protein forms a softer curd which makes the protein more easily and rapidly digestible. Theoretically, this more rapid transit through the stomach could be an advantage to infants and children who regurgitate cow milk easily. Goat milk may also have advantages when it comes to allergies. Goat milk contains only trace amounts of an allergenic casein protein, alpha-S1, found in cow milk. Goat milk casein is more similar to human milk, yet cow milk and goat milk contain similar levels of the other allergenic protein, beta lactoglobulin. Scientific studies have not found a decreased incidence of allergy with goat milk, but here is another situation where mothers observations and scientific studies are at odds with one another. Some mothers are certain that their child tolerates goat milk better than cow milk. Generally, mothers are more sensitive to children reactions than scientific studies. However, if your baby is under one year of age and allergic to cow milk-based formulas, consult your doctor or a pediatric nutritionist for best alternative.
Goat milk, like cow milk, contains the milk sugar, lactose, and may produce adverse reactions in lactose-intolerant individuals. Goat milk is only slightly lower in lactose than cow milk, with 4.1% milk solids as lactose versus 4.7% in cow milk, which may be a small advantage in lactose-intolerant persons.