Getting Started with Dairy Goats

If you are a potential dairy goat owner, but you are not sure where to start, here are some steps that you might find useful, in terms of gathering information. While not complete, it will assist you be successful.


Educate Yourself About Housing and Fencing Needs

Dairy goats need protection from wild and domestic predators, from poisonous plants and shelter from adverse weather. Your specific needs will vary by location.  Do It Yourself books can be found  online. Quality housing and fencing are critical to the safety and well-being of your animals.

Many dairy goat owners use livestock guardian dogs or other guardian animals to stay with the goat herd 24 hours daily. Domestic and feral dogs account for most attacks on dairy goats.


Learn About Management and Care of Dairy Goats

Read an introduction to management and care of dairy goats

In addition, you can find your books and resources online as well.

The old proverb “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” couldn’t be more applicable to managing your new dairy goat herd.


Learn About Milk Sale Law

Before you sell milk or milk products, you need to be aware of laws regulating those activities in your country. You should be aware of the laws in your area as well as the potential risks associated with consuming unpasteurized dairy products.

As a beginner read about the key factors in successful  marketing goat milk products.


Learn About ALPHA S1 CASEIN Testing

Read about ALPHA S1 CASEIN Effects on cheese making

The a s1-casein is a protein polymorphism of goat milk, and is one found in all dairy goat breeds.

If you are interested in this testing for your does or buck you can approach ADGA.


Learn About Dairy Goats Lactation

Read about Compare dairy goats lactation

Lactation length and milk yield and composition for selected breeds of goats.


Understand and Determine which Goat Breeds Best Suit Your Goals

Read about breeds to consider and the basic descriptions of each dairy goat breed

Visit farms that raise the breed(s) of goats you are considering.



There’s a lot more to learn about keeping a dairy herd. However hopefully, this overview will help you be mentally prepared as you start your journey with dairy goats.




DIY Christmas Cauliflower Casserole


A perfect dish to make ahead for Christmas morning, or any time of year. The recipe is great if you are looking for something comforting without too much fuss. The recipe sautés cauliflower with mushrooms and green pepper before adding milk, Swiss cheese and pimientos for a comfort dish with a twist.

The recipe requires 1 hour preparation and cooking time, and can serves 8.


  • 2 cups Goat milk
  • 1 cup Swiss cheese, shredded
  • 1 large head cauliflower, broken into florets
  • 1/4 cup diced green pepper
  • 1 jar sliced mushrooms, drained
  • 1/4 cup butter or margarine
  • 1/3 cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 tablespoons diced pimientos
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • paprika, optional



  • In a large pot, cook cauliflower in a small amount of water for 6-7 minutes or until tender but not soggy. Set aside.
  • In a medium saucepan heat the butter and sauté the green pepper and mushrooms for 2 minutes.
  • Add the flour and gradually stir in the goat milk. Bring the mixture to a boil, stirring constantly.
  • Remove the saucepan from the heat and stir in the cheese. Add the pimientos and salt.
  • Place half the cooked cauliflower at the base of a casserole dish.
  • Pour half the cream sauce on top.
  • Layer more cauliflower on the rest of it and then finish with more sauce.
  • Bake uncovered at 325ºF for 25 minutes.

*You can sprinkle paprika or cheese on top when it bakes, if desired.


Nutritional facts:

The Christmas Cauliflower Casserole contains 153 Calories per serving; – Fat 9g, Cholesterol 29mg, Sodium 448mg, Carbohydrates 12g, Sugars 5g, Fiber 3g, Protein 7g.





DIY “Cheesy Eggs Bake Breakfast using Instant Pot”


Instant Pot cheesy and easy breakfast!

The scrambled eggs recipe combines bacon and hash browns with eggs, goat milk and shredded cheese for a quick and easy breakfast.

And you can cook the quick and easy delicious breakfast that your whole family will love in just 10 minutes with your Instant Pot. The recipe requires 5 minutes preparation time, approximately 5 minutes cooking time, and can serves 8.



  • 3/4 cups goat milk
  • 1 cup cheddar cheese, shredded
  • 8 eggs
  • 8 bacon slices, chopped
  • 2 cups hash browns, frozen
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon pepper



  • Instant Pot


  • Add the chopped bacon in an Instant Pot and sauté until it becomes crispy.
  • Add frozen hash browns into it and cook for 2 minutes.
  • In a bowl add goat milk, eggs, shredded cheese, salt and pepper and whisk well.
  • Directly pour the mixture over the potatoes and cover the lid.
  • Cook for 5 minutes on manual high pressure.
  • Release the pressure quickly.
  • Serve with extra shredded cheese.


*Nutritional facts:

The classic breakfast contains 358 Calories per serving; – Sugar 2g and Total fat 26g – 40%.




Understand and Determine which Goat Breeds Best Suit You


I recommend that you visit farms that raise the breed(s) of goats you are considering. It is imperatives that visiting farms will enable you to determine local availability of quality sires. And, talking to more than one breeder to gain a balanced perspective.


Once you decide on a breed, it is imperatives to learn the breed standards before you make your first purchase. It is also important for predicting goat production characteristics and reproduction consistency. To produce milk, does must be bred and give birth to kids.


Alternatively, this list can assist you to understand  and determine which breed(s) can help you achieve your goals.


List of dairy goat breeds to consider:


  1. Toggenburg – Toggenburg does are at least 26 inches tall and weigh 120 pounds while bucks are at least 28 inches tall and weigh 150 pounds. Hair colour is solid, varying from light fawn to dark chocolate with correct white or cream markings. Does may be black with correct white or cream markings. The ears are erect and carried forward. The bridge of the nose may be straight or dished.

Toggenburgs were among the first purebred dairy goats to be imported into the United States  and registered.

  1. Alpine – Alpine does are at least 30 inches tall and weigh 135 pounds while bucks are at least 32 inches tall and weigh 170 pounds. They have erect ears and come in many colours and colour combinations. The hair is medium to short and the bridge of the nose is straight.

Alpine is known for being a hardy, adaptable animal that thrives in any climate while                maintaining good health and excellent production.

  1. Nubian – Nubian does are at least 30 inches tall and weigh 135 pounds, while bucks are at least 32 inches tall and weigh 170 pounds. The head is the distinctive breed characteristic with the facial profile between the eyes and the muzzle being strongly convex, often referred to as – Roman nose. The ears are hanging down and flaring out and forward at their rounded tip and extending at least one inch below the muzzle. Nubians may be any color, solid or patterned. The hair is short, fine and glossy.

Nubian is also known for the high butterfat and protein content of its milk.

  1. Saanen – Saanen does are at least 30 inches tall and weigh 135 pounds while bucks are at least 32 inches tall and weigh 170 pounds. Saanens are distinguished by solid white or light cream-colored hair. Spots may exist on the skin and a spot in the hair up to 1 ½ inches across is allowable. Saanen ears are erect, and the bridge of the nose is either straight or dished.

Saanen is a favorite for commercial dairies due to its high milk production and calm            temperament.

  1. Sable – Sable does are at least 30 inches tall and weigh 135 pounds while bucks are at least 32 inches tall and weigh 170 pounds. Sables may be any color or combination of colors except solid white or sold light cream. The hair is short, and the ears should be erect. The bridge of the nose should either be straight or dished.

Sables have the same high milk production and calm temperament as the Saanen.

  1. LaMancha – LaMancha does are at least 28 inches tall and weigh 130 pounds while bucks are at least 30 inches tall and weigh 160 pounds. The hair is short, fine and glossy and the bridge of the nose is straight. Any colour or colour combination is acceptable. The distinctive feature of LaMancha is very short ears. Bucks may have ears no longer than one inch with little or no cartilage. Does may have ears up to two inches in length.

LaMancha breed was developed in the United States and is known for its calm nature. It          produces well in a variety of climates and conditions.

  1. Oberhasli – Oberhasli does are at least 28 inches tall and weigh 120 pounds while bucks are at least 30 inches tall and weigh 150 pounds. Oberhasli have short erect ears and the bridge of the nose should be either straight or dished. Oberhasli colour is described as bay, ranging from light to a deep red bay with correct black markings. Does may also be solid black.

This Oberhasli is also known for its calm disposition.

  1. Nigerian Dwarf – Nigerian Dwarf does are at least 17 inches tall and may be no taller than 22.5 inches. Bucks are also at least 17 inches tall and 75 pounds is an average weight. Many colour combinations are common, the ears are of medium length and erect, and the bridge of the nose is either straight or dished. The hair is short and fine. Nigerian Dwarf was also developed in the United States.

This Nigerian Dwarf small does but, the doe produces a proportionate quantity of milk with high butterfat.


The volume and composition of milk produced is controlled by the goat’s genetics but greatly influenced by the diet consumed.



“Dairy Goat Milk Vs. Nut Milk”

Any milk product by an animal is considered dairy, but depending on the animal there can be differences in nutrition profile and composition. Actually, goat milk is closer to human milk than nut milk and other dairy milk.

Goat milk can be replaced 1:1 for milk products in any recipe. You can also add goat milk to overnight oats and creamy soups as well.


  1. Goat milk has more protein – Although dairy-free milk alternatives like almond milk are completely vegan, they often have little to no protein at all. Goat milk packs a hearty 8 grams of protein per cup.
  2. Goat milk is nut-free and soy-free – If you are unable to tolerate cow milk, the other options available on the market are soy or nut based. Goat milk is a better alternative to cow milk for you if you have a soy or nut allergy.
  3. Goat milk is loaded with calcium and other minerals – Goat milk is naturally an excellent source of calcium, magnesium, and potassium. In addition, goat milk contains the precursor to vitamin A in the milk fat which allows it to be readily bioavailable, and the bioavailability of minerals in goat milk is higher than that of cow milk.
  4. Goat milk is creamy and comparable to cow milk: Nut milk can often have a very watery consistency and do not have the same properties as regular milk in certain recipes. Goat milk is creamy and has a similar consistency to cow milk, but with easier to digest properties.

According to experts from  Meyenberg Goat Milk, goat milk is made up of very small fat particles which form a softer, smaller curd in the stomach, and these small, soft curds are more quickly broken down by stomach enzymes, making it easier for the stomach to digest as compared to nut milk and other dairy milk.